Personal pronouns

The forms in parentheses are unstressed variants.

PersonNominativeObject form
1st person singularik (’k)mij (me)
2nd person simgular, informaljij (je)jou (je)
2nd person singular, formaluu
2nd person singulargij 1 (ge 1)u
3rd person singular, masculine hij (’ie 2)hem (’m)
3rd person singular, femininezij (ze)haar (’r, d’r)
3rd person singular, neuterhet (’t)het (’t)
1st person pluralwij (we)ons
2nd person plural, informaljullie (je), jelui 5 (je)jullie (je), jelui 5 (je)
2nd person plural, formalu, ulieden 5u, ulieden 5
2nd person pluralgij 1 (ge 1), gijlieden 5u, ulieden 5
3rd person plural, for personszij (ze)hun 3 (ze), hen 4 (ze)
3rd person plural, for thingszij (ze)die 6 (ze)


1 Archaic in Northern Dutch

2 Only after the verb. If, however, the verb ends in -e, the demonstrative pronoun die is used.

3 In formal speech only dative case

4 In formal speech only accusative case

5 Archaic

6 Strictly speaking die is a demonstrative pronoun.